Laparoscopy is a surgical procedure in which a lighted telescope (laparoscope) is inserted through the wall of the abdomen into the pelvic cavity. It is useful to evaluate the pelvic cavity for endometriosis, pelvic adhesions, and other abnormalities. Laparoscopy is not advised for all cases of infertility in female patient. Because of its higher costs and potential surgical risk, it may be recommended depending on the results of other testing and a woman’s history, such as pelvic pain and previous surgeries. It is usually advised to evaluate tubal function in infertility.