Surrogacy is an arrangement, supported through a legal agreement, whereby a healthy woman bears the child of another couple to carry her baby up to delivery. She has no rights over the baby neither the baby is related to her genetically. The surrogacy agreement is done between the biological parents and the surrogate mother and her partner. Different types of surrogacy treatment include
Gestational surrogate/ Traditional surrogacy
Altruistic surrogacy/ Commercial surrogacy
Gestational surrogacy helps those who are unable to be parents due to some issues. It’s a technique that requires medical and legal expertise. The surrogate mother carries the baby of the biological parents to term and delivers the baby. The baby is not genetically related to the gestational surrogate mother. Whereas, in traditional surrogacy, the surrogate mother is the biological mother of the child as she contributes her egg for the treatment. The treatment involves artificial insemination of the biological father into the uterus of the surrogate mother.
If the surrogate mother comes forward with an intention to help the biological parents without any monetary benefit she is called an altruistic surrogate. If money is involved in the process of surrogacy agreement then it is named as commercial surrogacy.